Suspension technology on XC bikes has progressed just as much as it has for any other platform. While hardtails are the best option for pure power transfer to the ground, there’s not a lot of energy lost on full suspension XC bikes anymore.
Cockpits have changed for XC bikes, just like anything else. Super narrow handlebars of the past have widened considerably and long stems have become shorter. The intent in both cases is the same — to offer stability and put the rider’s body weight more toward the front than back.
Handlebars on XC bikes are commonly specced between 720mm and 760mm wide.
Stems on XC bikes are much shorter than they used to be also. 60mm is a much more common length, which is close to what we’d see on an all-mountain or trail bike a couple years ago. Depending on the size of the bike though, the stem length could still be up to 90mm for a larger-sized frame.
In cross-country racing, rigid versus dropper posts are probably a bigger debate than wheel size. A carbon or titanium rigid post can save weight, but doesn’t help with descending.
Dropper posts weigh more, but make descending much easier when you can put the seat down. Again, think about your demands for the bike and whether you’ll ride more buff and smooth singletrack, or will mix in technical descents also.
The final question to ask yourself is whether the weight savings is worth going with a rigid seat post. Unless you’re competing seriously in cross-country races, it might not be. And even then, some pro riders are choosing to run droppers.
This isn’t going to be much of a question either. Unless you’re absolutely new to mountain biking, you’ll probably want to go with clipless pedals on your XC bike.
The power transfer is better when you’re clipped in, the pedals will probably be lighter, and the benefits of flats don’t really apply to cross-country riding.
Drivetrain and brakes
The mountain bike industry is at a pretty good point in time when it comes to drivetrains. Most mountain bikes on the market are coming standard with a 1×12 speed drivetrain and if not, you can score a SRAM GX Eagle drivetrain for under $500.
A 1×12 drivetrain is the way to go when it comes to most any mountain bike these days, if you can pull it off. It’s simpler and easier to maintain than a drivetrain with a front derailleur and the range of gears is enough to get mountain bikers up steep climbs and still offer enough gearing to go fast downhill.
That being said, if there is one remaining holdout for 2X drivetrains, it’s within the XC world. Racers in particular appreciate the added top end a 2X drivetrain can offer, though some choose to get the same effect by simply going with a 36T or even 38T chainring on a 1×12 drivetrain.
Hydraulic brakes are of course the best option on XC bikes also. SRAM’s Level brakes are made for cross-country use and are specced on a lot of newer XC bikes. Shimano’s lineup is still roughly the same as it has been for a long time. While their upper-level M9000 XTR brake is made for XC, a cheaper option like the SLX or XT offers enough power most of the time and saves a lot of money.
Either way, make sure the bike you’re looking at will come with hydraulic disc brakes.
Wheels and tires
Ahh, the age-old wheel size debate. It’s probably much less of a debate in this mountain bike category, as 29ers have basically taken over, and buyers will be hard pressed find an XC bike with 27.5-inch wheels, although they aren’t gone completely.
In the world of XC riding though, a 29er is going to help. You’ll roll over rocks better and carry more speed for a longer time.
A set of carbon wheels is going to be lighter, stiffer, and more responsive. That will help save energy, provide better power transfer, and steer more quickly. But carbon wheels are, of course, more expensive.
If that’s not your thing, alloy wheels have progressed to a pretty outstanding point. A lot of times, they’re just as light as carbon, and on an XC bike, the bit of flex from an aluminum wheel may actually keep your body feeling less beat up after long rides.
In the end, riders shopping for a cross-country bike will have to decide between a few things, but it’s mostly a matter of the build kit. It’s possible to save money and weight by getting a cross country bike that doesn’t have a dropper, or carbon bits. It’s also possible just to upgrade those with time.